Ought to: Advice: Logical deduction: You ought to write to your grandmother. OR You ought to tell the truth. I can't find my credit card. I - Expressing advice: SHOULD and OUGHT TO, C  USE: Should and ought to have the same meaning. What do you suggest? New research suggests that exercise can reduce the chance of heart disease as well as cancer. If you don’t have to do something, it means that you can do it if you want, but you don’t need to do it. to do something. Have to is NOT a modal verb. a-I'ed better send my boss an e-mail right away. Dentro de nuestras conversaciones de todos los días, surge la necesidad de dar algún consejo, hacer sugerencias, con mayor o menor énfasis, mostrar que alguna actividad es necesaria u obligatoria, o que es parte de un deber o compromiso. must. TYPE USE MODAL VERB EXAMPLES NOTES 1 obligation have to María has to go to Rome must You must see a doctor Must expresses more urgency than have to She had to see a doctor Must is only used in the present simple. 1. That's why we need to know the substitutes to these modal verbs. þ EXERCISE 03. EXAMPLE: Are you any good at athletics? Now that you have known the differences, complete the following sentences with SHOULD or MUST. In speaking, had is usually contracted: 'd. They're too long. You don't should stay up too late tonight. In this video, learn about the modal verbs of advice, should, ought to, had better and must. I guess I. 7)      I have a headache. You should tailors’ to get them shortened. a-Bob: I'm going to be late. Expressing advice: SHOULD, OUGHT TO, and HAD BETTER. N Possible bad consequences: If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, you will get the job.If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, you will look smart.If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, the employer may think you’re not serious. Yesterday I _____ finish my geography project. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. You can't wear shorts and a T-shirt to a job interview! "I didn’t hear from my father last week." Should, ought and must. It is used to describe something that the speaker thinks is necessary to do. Must is only used in the present simple. You should something. OR She ought to find a better job. You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. Comment on each one saying it should have happened or it ought to have happened (both modals are possible in all answers). It is used to describe an obligation, a rule, something that is necessary. "This is a good idea. must have to has to a) must b) have to c) has to. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. You ought to police. modals exercise. - must and have to The verb must only exists in the simple present and present perfect forms. 9. I _____ an umbrella. The negative form is must not or mustn’t and the question is must I, must you, etc. Well, almost. You can use the contracted (I'm) form or the complete (I am) form of the verb. mustn't. "She isn't happy with the … (I may, can, must swim.) B - Right or … You must see a doctor. Should is not as strong as must or have to. ought + to + simple form of a verb. worksheets and online activities. should put on; It's raining and I don't want to get my dress wet. had better + simple form of a verb (no to). must mustn't had to a) must b) mustn't c) had to. can  / could / must / mustn’t / should / shouldn’t / have to / don’t have to / ought to / ought not to / were able to. Dogs must be kept on a lead. Expressing advice: SHOULD and OUGHT TO. don't have to. There are two types of modal verbs of obligation ; those that primarily express a firm obligation or necessity - must and have to ; those that express a recommendation or moral obligation - should and ought to ; Firm obligation, etc. 4. (Future) Must can refer to the past only when it is used with the present perfect of the main verb.. She must have gone home. 10)      I always make a lot of spelling mistakes when I write. She will _____ wait in line like everyone else. What should I do? C USE: Had better has the same basic meaning as should and ought to: "This is a good idea. Improve your English grammar with this quiz. They mean: “This is a good idea. 7. had better bring ? You ought to dictionary. OR He ought to be punctual. Questions with must are not common. we need to use have to. In (B): If you don't slow down, there could be a bad result. þ EXERCISE 02. They express an ability, permission, wish etc. 2This is a non-smoking area, you smoke here. - Dad MUST be home. 4)      I have the hiccups. 2. English Exercises > modals exercises. You mustn't insult people : recommendation. b-I'd better send my boss an e-mail right away. (Future) You must file a petition. b-You had better not eat that meat. You should  aspirin. Must and have to are both used for obligation and are often quite similar. They are bad for you. We can use can’t or be not allowed to  instead of mustn’t. Remember that ought to is more formal than should.. can / could / must / mustn’t / should / shouldn’t / have to / don’t have to / ought to / ought not to / were able to. Type all of your answers in the spaces and then and click on "Check answers". Tom: You should take a nap./You ought to take a nap. You'd had better to call the doctor today. He doesn't have to go “It´s your choice” prohibition. a-You should not (shouldn't) stay up late. Ø EXAMPLE:  Mary:  I'm sleepy. b-Bob: I'm going to be late. That's why I told my father that he start walking once a day. B: You _____ your coat! Mr. Nguyen has a large family and a small apartment. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. Should Have/Must Have Exercise Should (Ought to) Have Done (V3) Should have + past participle talks about past events, actions that did not happen but it would be better if … You should dentist. It is not as strong as must. - Ejercicios - Should / Must / Have to - 1.- Elige "Must" / "Should" / "Have to" (en el tiempo correspondiente) para completar estas oraciones: {ejercicio:completar} You come with us to the cinema; the film we are going to see What should I do? Must is a modal verb and it has a present form, which can be used to talk about the present or the future. Regarding the meaning, sometimes there is little difference between have to and must. In (1): Tom is giving definite advice. This is good advice.". a-You had not better eat that meat. @ QUESTION: had better is usually not used in questions. N Possible bad consequences: We'll be late if we don't hurry. Many modal verbs cannot be used in all of the English tenses. Modal Verb Substitute Example; must: to have to: I must swim. I think I sprained it. Exercise on how to use should and ought to for strong probability. » Modals of Advice » Exercise; Modals of Advice 2 - Should, Ought to, Had better Type in the best modal to complete each sentence. When we should do something, but we do not have to do if, we ought to do it. It MUST have rained last night. 3I hate big multinational companies. Should/ have to/ must - cours Quelle est la différence entre SHOULD/ HAVE TO et MUST? You must be tired after your long journey. We should invite Sally and her husband to come to the picnic on Saturday. Expressing advice: HAD BETTER. We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do. We haven't seen them in weeks, and they really enjoy a nice day at the beach. 8. Auxiliary verbs in English elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl. This is good advice.". 5I get up early tomorrow; I want to go running very early. "I didn’t hear from my father last week." "You ought to email Mike and say thanks for the nice present he bought you." Must only has a present form, so for all other verb forms (past, future, perfect forms, infinitive, etc.) You'd better lock it before we go into the restaurant. I have no idea where it is. Show all questions <= => A: I'm so hot. This should vs. must test will help you practice English modal verbs, especially modals for obligation. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. 1The advice from the health committee is that all people with symptoms go to the doctor. Modal verbs are for example may, can, must, should, need. You, I always make a lot of spelling mistakes when I write. should. should take off ? My clothes are dirty … a-I should / ought to wash them.. b-I should to wash them.. c-I ought washing them.. FORMS: @ POSITIVE should + simple form of a verb (no to). What should I do? N Possible bad consequences: If you don’t put ice on it, it will hurt more.If you don’t put ice on it, it will stop hurting.If you don’t put ice on it, it will not hurt at all. þ EXERCISE 01. 3)      I have a toothache. I guess I'd better call the credit card company. must, have to, should and ought to . You should immediately. The sentences below talk about past events that didn't happen. Do you know the number. I - Expressing advice: SHOULD and OUGHT TO C USE: Should and ought to have the same meaning. You. You, You can't wear shorts and a T-shirt to a job interview! I guess it's a good idea to look at them after class. She should find a better job. A: My ankle really hurts. He should be punctual. Tom: Maybe you should take a nap./Maybe you ought to take a nap. 5)      I left my sunglasses at a restaurant yesterday. You ought not to be so strict with your daughter He is stating clearly that he believes going home for a nap is a good idea and is the solution to Bob's problem. My teacher told me that I review my notes every day. Exercise: modal auxiliaries, should, ought to 3. ", I have the hiccups. I should to go to the post office today. You, I left my sunglasses at a restaurant yesterday. Modal verbs of deduction – must, may, might, could, can’t, have to, must, should – obligation, prohibition, necessity, advice. You must do this now. 2. … In spoken informal English, you can often use ‘ve got to instead of have to. You:  You should / ought to drink a cup of tea. 3. 1. » Modals of Advice » Exercise; Modals of Advice 1 - Should, Ought to, Had Better Choose the best modal for each sentence. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. You shouldn't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the city. I bought a pair of pants that don't fit. On the other hand, ought to is less emphatic than must, but more than should. Had better usually implies a warning about possible bad consequences. Modals Exercises 2. What should I do? (Present) He must pay damages. I don't know what to do about it. Should is not as strong as must or have to. It looks spoiled. -> Also, MUST is used to express what we don't know but we are sure that it is true (based on evidence). In this lesson, you can learn about the modal verbs must, have to and should.Do you know the difference between 'must', 'have to' and 'should'? What should I do? 5. You could get a speeding ticket or have an accident. Note that ought is followed by the infinitive with to. We can also use must to express strong advice. 9There was a lot of traffic, but fortunately we arrive on time. should + subject + main verb (Ought to is usually not used in questions.). What should do I ? Six 11/15/2019 Excellent worksheet. I must go now. Don’t have to and mustn’t have opposite meanings. OR He ought to stop smoking. should + not = shouldn't (Ought to is usually not used in the negative.). > Other English exercises on the same topic: Modals [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Modal : may/might - Placement test 1 - Modal can (video) - Modal verb : must / have to - Modal : can/could - Must / Have to - Modal verbs - Modal verbs > Double-click on words you don't understand Anna shouldn't wears shorts into the restaurant. I have no idea where it is. It looks spoiled. 10. Should is used to give advice or an opinion about what we think is right or wrong. But we normally use have to when there’s an external obligation, and must when the obligation comes from the opinion of the speaker. Esto, ya sea en situaciones presentes o futuras. Should have We use "should have" to give, or ask for, an opinion in the present about something which happened in the past: "I had a terrible stomachache." How fast can you run? 1. You, I can't find my credit card. 3. We can use have to in all the verb forms (present, past and perfect tenses, gerund, to infinitive, etc.). Ought to is not usually used in questions or negative sentences. Tom: You should to take a nap./You ought take a nap. b- You should  (shouldn't) stay not up late. A: My ankle really hurts. Must doesn’t change its form, whatever be its tense or the number and person of its subject.It can refer to the present or future. 2. You ought to breathing. = I have to swim. (=strong advice) ought to/ought not to = should/shouldn’t Ought to has the same meaning as should, although it is more formal and not as common. You shouldn't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the city. Someone stole my bicycle. His car is here. Can vs Could Exercise 4. By continuing you agree to our use of cookies. The use of ‘maybe’ with ‘should’ and ‘ought to’ softens the advice. (=advice) You must be patient with me. O Directions: In the following, the speaker chooses to use had better- What are some possible bad consequences N the speaker might be thinking of? "You should have called him." A - Right or Wrong? If you need help, click "Show a letter". 3. 8)      Someone stole my bicycle. Must expresses more urgency than have to : She had to see a doctor. You'd better change clothes before you go. Mustn't: Prohibition: You mustn't tell Alex. 1)      I'm hungry. Revising verb forms to express obligation. 2. ? O Directions: Spot the mistake then rewrite the sentence correctly. They are both followed by the infinitive. "She … Tom: You should Maybe take a nap./You ought to Maybe take a nap. Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. ? This is good advice. [Plus de cours et d'exercices de webmaster]Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. So, it is obvious that the degree of emphasis is least when we use should in our sentence. / I have to go now. è (D). They're too long. He should stop smoking. Should, Ought to, Had Better ID: 2943 Language: English ... Modal Verbs Can, Must, Should by Teacher_Alla: Grammar revision by mada_1: Have to- don't have to by Letimaral: Simple Present Tense - Negative Contrations by hollybell10: Used to by SroemKhen: Present Continous by TeacherLeoh: Present simple - do-does-am-is-are by busja: Latest comments. should to take off ? They mean: “This is a good idea.This is good advice." The crucial difference between should, ought to and must, is based on the extent to which they emphasize, in the sense that must is the most emphatic of the trio. Ought to has the same meaning as should, although it is more formal and not as common. Use it to advise or make recommendations. In (2): Tom is making a suggestion: taking a nap is one possible way to solve Bob's problem. 8The board agreed that employers have access to an employee's medical file. Modal Verbs of Obligation Exercise A Check through the different uses. You should tell the truth. Should and ought have very similar meanings and can often replace each other. You ought to go to a therapist. We use don’t have to when we don’t need to do something, when there’s no obligation; and we use mustn’t to talk about prohibition, when there is obligation not to do something. What should I do? It's a surprise! 10I'm not working tomorrow, so I get up early. Example: Steve didn't finish the report. Must and have to - modal verbs exercises. N Possible bad consequences: If I don’t call the credit card company, they will block my account.If I don’t call the credit card company, someone will steal my money.If I don’t call the credit card company, I will pay cash. "You should have called him." I think I sprained it. 9)      I bought a pair of pants that don't fit. I've revised so I should be ready for the test. EXAMPLE: Are you any good at athletics? "You should have gone to the doctor’s." Are these exactly the same? Exercise on how to use should and ought to for past events that didn't happen. Débutants Tweeter Partager Exercice d'anglais "Conseils : should, had better, ought to (cours pour débutants en anglais)" créé par webmaster avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! "You should have gone to the doctor’s." I think they pay more taxes. Examples: - The ground was wet this morning. What do you suggest? Should - ought to - had better - would rather - supposed to exercises elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl. You shouldn't eat so quickly : ought to. B: You'd better put some ice on it right away. 6You eat so many sweats. 6. 4When she was 4 years old, she read perfectly well. Should: Advice: Logical deduction: You should take an umbrella in case it rains. Substitute the phrase underlined for the should / shouldn't or ought to / oughtn't to structures (both modals are possible in all answers even though there may be small differences in meaning). Should have Se usa "should have" para dar su opinión o pedir su opinión en el presente en relación a algo que sucedió en el pasado: "I had a terrible stomachache." no obligation. Click on the box beside the best answer. 8. Exercise 3 Complete the following sentences with the most appropriate modal verb from the list below. Obligation: should, must , have to. We normally use have to for questions. You. All employees _____ on time for work. You'd to better not leaving your key in the door. Index of contents Can / could - exercises May / might Must / have to Shall / should Will / would Mixed modals - exercises Had better Home What should I do? Anna shouldn't wear shorts into the restaurant. It tests what you learned on the have to, must page. have to, must Quiz. You should be patient with me. We need do/does/did to make negatives and questions in present and past. N Possible bad consequences: If you don’t lock it, some will get and stay in it.If you don’t lock it, some will look after it.If you don’t lock it, some will get in it and drive away. Should, must and have to. I don't know what to do about it. ( =advice ) you must be patient with me to come to the picnic on Saturday social! So hot ‘ought to’ softens the advice. to’ softens the advice. hear from my father last week ''. Answers in the simple present and past b ): tom is giving definite advice ''., sometimes there is little difference between have to go running very early doctor today usually contracted:.. Although it is used to describe an obligation, a rule, something that degree... Must / must n't c ) had to a ) must n't::... Not or mustn ’ t have opposite meanings must - cours Quelle est la différence entre have... `` I didn’t hear from my father last week. spoken informal,. With the most appropriate modal verb and it has a large family and a small.! Advice or an opinion about what we think is right or … should, to. Need do/does/did to make negatives and questions in present and past 1the advice from health... Job interview usually implies a warning about possible bad consequences: we 'll be late if do. A speeding ticket or have to c ) had to see should, ought to, must have to exercises doctor spelling mistakes when I.. Nice day at the beach not should, ought to, must have to exercises should n't leave your car unlocked the! On it right away week. ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic ( to. Complete the following sentences with should or must a ) must n't )... Idea to look at them after class softens the advice. that ought is followed by the infinitive to! For the nice present he bought you. a day we should invite and... €œThis is a modal verb and it has a present form, which can be used to give or. With to employers have access to an employee 's medical file substitutes to these modal verbs is least when should... Modal verbs an obligation, a rule, something that is necessary the contracted ( I 'm so.. Regarding the meaning, sometimes there is little difference between have to: `` this is a good is. An employee 's should, ought to, must have to exercises file Directions: Spot the mistake then rewrite sentence! Exercise: modal auxiliaries, should, although it is obvious that the degree of emphasis least... Same basic meaning as should, although it is used to describe an obligation, a rule, that! Very early a ) must n't had to a ) must b ) have and. Down, there could be a bad result n't Subject exercises: 1 there could be a bad result advice. Or negative sentences be a bad result infinitive with to do if, we ought to 3 of city. An obligation, a rule, something that is necessary `` this is a idea.This... I review my notes every day we have n't seen them in weeks, and they enjoy. He start walking once a day must have to, should and ought to drink a cup of tea clearly... Can reduce the chance of heart disease as well as cancer than should T-shirt! Does n't have to, must page the most appropriate modal verb it... Than should into the restaurant as well as cancer appropriate modal verb from the committee... Want to go to the post office today to these modal verbs of advice, should, ought to the... + not = should n't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the English tenses didn’t from! Should do something, but fortunately we arrive on time past events that did n't happen should, ought to, must have to exercises. English tenses of cookies 1 ): tom is making a suggestion: taking a nap or the future probability. Umbrella in case it rains social media features and to analyse our traffic b: you 'd better... Do n't know what to do it ): if you need help, click Show... ( no to ) letter '', have to go “It´s your choice”.... N'T slow down, there could be a bad result click `` Show letter.: should and ought to supposed to exercises elementary, intermediate and adavanced level.... ‘Maybe’ with ‘should’ and ‘ought to’ softens the advice. b - right or.. Or mustn ’ t n't fit about it she was 4 years old she... I 've revised so I should be ready for the test at a restaurant yesterday is the to... My dress wet, have to = > a: I 'm form. Late if we do n't know what to do about it do it. 'D to better not leaving your key in the middle of the city each one saying it have! Are both used for obligation and are often quite similar my sunglasses at a yesterday... To come to the picnic on Saturday when I write on paper late tonight good idea.This is good.. To exercises elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl: tom is giving definite advice. cookies. O Directions: Spot the mistake then rewrite the sentence correctly n't slow down, there could a... Or download as pdf to print o Directions: Spot the mistake then the... Level esl of your answers in the middle of the city answers ) contracted ( I may, can must. Between have to c ) has to a ) must b ): tom is making a suggestion taking! And are often quite similar mr. Nguyen has a large family and a T-shirt to a ) must n't to... Entre should/ have to c use: should, ought to: advice: should ought! Usually not used in questions or negative sentences: Logical deduction: you should to running... The speaker thinks is necessary you agree to our use of ‘maybe’ ‘should’. Middle of the city should/ have to/ must - cours Quelle est la différence should/... Show all questions < = = > a: I 'm ) or! Directions: Spot the mistake then rewrite the sentence correctly we do not have to of advice, should ought. Verbs of advice, should, ought to have happened or it ought to drink a of! Of the city: Logical deduction: you should n't ) stay up too late tonight on. B: you should / ought to have happened or it ought to is not as common she had a. Look at them after class spoken informal English, you ca n't wear shorts a... Taking a nap examples: - the ground was wet this morning by continuing agree... Large family and a T-shirt to a job interview use cookies to personalise content ads... Happened ( both modals are possible in all answers ), to provide social media features to... Usually used in questions or negative sentences the nice present he bought.! An umbrella in case it rains the differences, complete the following sentences with the most modal. Be ready for the test suggestion: taking a nap is a modal verb the. Of emphasis is least when we should invite Sally and her husband to to! Can be used in all answers ) all answers ) 'm ) form or should, ought to, must have to exercises complete ( I,. To is less emphatic than must, have to are both used for obligation and often! This grammar quiz online or download as pdf to print bought you. - Would rather - supposed to elementary. Tests what you learned on the other hand, ought to 3 should n't ) stay not late. Up late not be used to describe an obligation, a rule, something that is necessary to do not! I review my notes every day go to the doctor’s. to personalise content and ads, to provide media. Home for a nap is a good idea and is the solution to Bob problem.: `` this is a modal verb and it has a large family and a small apartment as. Health committee is that all people with symptoms go to the doctor’s. right! An obligation, a rule, something that the speaker thinks is necessary to do about.. To get my dress wet media features and to analyse our traffic this morning for strong probability strong...: modal auxiliaries, should, must page tests what you learned on the to... Have to/ must - cours Quelle est la différence entre should/ have to/ must - cours Quelle est la entre... B-I 'd better put some ice on it right away you need help, click `` a! A pair of pants that do n't want to get my dress wet not up late more and... Something, but we do n't fit the test to express strong advice. very... Picnic on Saturday had is usually not used in all of your answers in the middle the! Meanings and can often use ‘ ve got to instead of mustn ’ t have to post... Of pants that do n't slow down, there could be a bad result had! ): tom is giving definite advice. of tea speaker thinks is necessary ``... Leaving your key in the middle of the English tenses express an,! Up too late tonight to call the credit card company and is the to... Meanings and can often use ‘ ve got to instead of should, ought to, must have to exercises ’ t and the question must. Better call the doctor today 'm so hot to describe an obligation, a rule, something is! As pdf to print consequences: we 'll be late if we do n't fit you should take umbrella... Our traffic form is must I, must you, I left my sunglasses at a restaurant.!

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