It is similar to the wood of its relative, the apple tree (Malus domestica) and used for many of the same purposes.. Quince rootstocks produce smaller trees, which is often desirable in commercial orchards or domestic gardens. Pears grow in the sublime orchard of Alcinous, in Odyssey vii: "Therein grow trees, tall and luxuriant, pears and pomegranates and apple-trees with their bright fruit, and sweet figs, and luxuriant olives. Whether you want to understand fruit tree botany or are just want to identify wild pear trees for foraging purposes, knowing how to identify a pear tree by its leaves is a useful skill. Most are cold-hardy, withstanding temperatures as low as −25 to −40 °C (−13 to −40 °F) in winter, except for the evergreen species, which only tolerate temperatures down to about −15 °C (5 °F). Pears ripen at room temperature. Ripening is accelerated by the gas ethylene. haikulinde has uploaded 376 photos to Flickr. The undersides of the pear leaves are matte, not glossy. The first gathering will come into eating last, and thus the season of the fruit may be considerably prolonged. caucasica), widely distributed throughout Europe, and sometimes forming part of the natural vegetation of the forests. If a fungal infectionoccurs, sanitize all tools used on or around fruit trees. The fruit is composed of the receptacle or upper end of the flower stalk (the so-called calyx tube) greatly dilated. masuzi June 8, 2020 Uncategorized 0. Common and callery pear trees mature closer to 40 feet.  Ripe pears are optimally stored refrigerated, uncovered in a single layer, where they have a shelf life of 2 to 3 days.. The tips of branches often curl into a shepherd's crook. They both produce white flowers, green fruits and have egg-shaped leaves. Some common fungal infections in pear trees include: 1. The leaves are symmetrical, meaning that the right and left halves have the same shape. Our other Pyrus selections offer a … It is also used for wood carving, and as a firewood to produce aromatic smoke for smoking meat or tobacco. Leave a Comment The leaves have a lightly serrated edge, with no jagged teeth. WATER: Water over warmer months until tree is established. This tree lives up to its name and delivers super sweet, juicy pears and is a very precocious variety. Ornamental Pear Tree Characteristics. Bright autumn leaf colour. Prune the tree to allo… Pear Tree brings paper engineering and stationery designs together to create incredible, one-of-a-kind cards you’re proud to send. Lincoln describes it as "a fairly tough, very stable wood... (used for) carving... brushbacks, umbrella handles, measuring instruments such as set squares and T-squares... recorders... violin and guitar fingerboards and piano keys... decorative veneering." Of these the fruit perishes not nor fails in winter or in summer, but lasts throughout the year.". Structural weakness isn’t a disease, but it is a well-known condition of the Bradford Pear. Enclosed within its cellular flesh is the true fruit: five 'cartilaginous' carpels, known colloquially as the "core". Image of beauty, foliage, colorful - 159524095 These diseases can damage individual branches and roots. Willis Orchard Company offers many varieties of grafted pear for your home orchard, including: 3-in-1, 4-in-1, Bartlett, Beurre D'anjou, Bosc, Moonglow, Comice, Fan-Stil, Hood, Improved Kieffer, Orient, Perdue, Pineapple, & Sugar. Pear Tree Silver dust lifted from the earth, higher than my arms reach, you have mounted, O silver, higher than my arms reach you front us with great mass; no flower ever opened so staunch a white leaf, no flower ever parted silver from such rare silver; O white pear, your flower-tufts thick on the… Pyrus calleryana, or the Callery pear, is a species of pear tree native to China and Vietnam, in the family Rosaceae. 8:17.  Pliny's Natural History recommended stewing them with honey and noted three dozen varieties. The flowers will either emerge just before the leaves do or at the same time they appear. )", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Beth' (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Concorde' PBR (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Conference' (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Joséphine de Malines' (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "Production of pears in 2018, Crops/Regions/World Regions/Production Quantity by picklists", Canadian Produce Marketing Association > Home Storage Guide for Fresh Fruits & Vegetables, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pear&oldid=995450670, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from November 2018, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from November 2018, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 02:52. communis), are without doubt derived from one or two wild subspecies (P. c. subsp. The word "pear", or its equivalent, occurs in all the Celtic languages, while in Slavic and other dialects, differing appellations, still referring to the same thing, are found—a diversity and multiplicity of nomenclature, which led Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle to infer a very ancient cultivation of the tree from the shores of the Caspian to those of the Atlantic. Flowers will help you identify pear trees. Pear trees can be afflicted by serious fungal, bacterial, and viral infections. communis cultivated mainly in Europe and North America, the Chinese white pear (bai li) Pyrus × bretschneideri, and the Nashi pear Pyrus pyrifolia (also known as Asian pear or apple pear), both grown mainly in eastern Asia. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, pear tree image by Liz Van Steenburgh from, Tree Identification by Common Name - Oplin.org, Common Pear Tree Characteristics - Virginia Department of Forestry. Pear cultivation in cool, temperate climates extends to the remotest antiquity, and evidence exists of its use as a food since prehistoric times. Pear wood is valued for kitchen spoons, scoops and stirrers, as it does not contaminate food with color, flavor or smell, and resists warping and splintering despite repeated soaking and drying cycles. For example, an iron deficiency in the soil causes chlorosis in plants. RuggedHomestead 55 views. The above picture shows aphids on a blackcurrant leaf but they look exactly the same on a pear tree leaf. They grow one per stem and will not be found growing in a cluster. pyraster and P. c. subsp. Pearwood is the favored wood for architect's rulers because it does not warp. Pear Tree Blister Mites - Duration: 8:17. Manchurian Pear - Pyrus ussuriensis Broad, medium sized tree, flowering very early in spring. The leaves are symmetrical, meaning that the right and left halves have the same shape. Pear wood is one of the preferred materials in the manufacture of high-quality woodwind instruments and furniture. There are quite a few varieties of flowering pear trees, and you will be spoiled for choice when you start deciding on which one to grow in your garden. The strongest branch on a tree grows almost perpendicular or at a 90-degree angle from the trunk.  Refrigeration will slow further ripening. Quince leaf blight produced by Diplocarpon maculatum. Pears and apples cannot always be distinguished by the form of the fruit; some pears look very much like some apples, e.g. The pear is native to coastal and mildly temperate regions of the Old World, from Western Europe and North Africa east across Asia. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:, The purely decorative cultivar P. salicifolia ‘Pendula’, with pendulous branches and silvery leaves, has also won the award.. When you see leaves turning yellow during spring on a Bradford pear tree, it is always a good idea to rule out some kind of nutrient deficiency. The leaves and flowers turn black and cling to the tree, giving the plant a burnt or scorched appearance. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. If it is firm, leave the pear at room temperature and check daily for ripeness. Pears are consumed fresh, canned, as juice, and dried. A favourite of ours is Pyrus ussuriensis or Manchurian Pear as it grows more open and oval shaped at 9 metres tall by 7 metres wide. 'A Partridge in a Pear Tree' is the first gift in "The Twelve Days of Christmas" cumulative song. Raw pear is 84% water, 15% carbohydrates and contains negligible protein and fat (table). The pear tree and shrub are a species of genus Pyrus /ˈpaɪrəs/, in the family Rosaceae, bearing the pomaceous fruit of the same name. So Sweet Is a zone 2 pear that is the best choice for the colder regions that resists -40C winters. Height: 8-10m Width: 6-8m From the upper rim of the receptacle are given off the five sepals,[vague] the five petals, and the very numerous stamens. The pear tree has made its long journey through time from Asia to Europe and finally to America where it has been tweaked to perfection. Pear Tree Leaf Blight. Fig. Although the apple and pear trees have much in common, several traits distinguish one from the other. There's nothing you can do once this happens. When identifying trees, people normally examine a variety of parts of the tree, including the leaves, fruit, flowers and bark. If left untreated the leaves will turn brown at the edges. See more ideas about flowering pear tree, pear trees, flowering trees. Symptoms include brown or black leaves that cling on the tree. If it yields to gentle pressure, then the pear is ripe, sweet, and juicy. Pears were cultivated in China as early as 2000 BC. Pear tree Planting a pear tree in Canada, even in the North, is made easy when you get the right variety. Check weather conditions if you notice blackened foliage on a pear tree after a spring cold snap. Sooty Blotch – Smudgy dark blotches that occur on fruit and leaves.  The enormous number of varieties of the cultivated European pear (Pyrus communis subsp. , The culinary or cooking pear is green but dry and hard, and only edible after several hours of cooking. Whats people lookup in this blog: masuzi. , "Pear tree" and "Pyrus" redirect here. They have lighter green veins that run down the center of the leaf and branch to the sides. The ornamental pear tree (pyrus calleryana) and its cultivars possess characteristics that make them ideal as … The adjective pyriform or piriform means pear-shaped. The problem isn't disease, but frost damage. Explore haikulinde's photos on Flickr. Pear Tree Leaf Problems. They occur throughout the U.S., producing flavorful fruits in autumn. Pear and walnut trees were held to be the sacred abodes of beneficent spirits in pre-Islamic Chechen religion and, for this reason, it was forbidden to fell them. Pear leaves look like teardrops, with pointy edges and a rounded base. Pear wood is close-grained and at least in the past was used as a specialized timber for fine furniture and making the blocks for woodcuts. Leaf Spot. The Urban Farmers 217,316 views. Can be washed off. When cut open, these fruit… The symptoms are represented by circular, yellow, later red, spots. Pear Scab – Dark spots on leaves, fruit, and twigs. Pear Bureau Northwest offers tips on ripening and judging ripeness: Although the skin on Bartlett pears changes from green to yellow as they ripen, most varieties show little color change as they ripen. The bark of the common pear tree is grey-brown in color, but the texture changes over time. ... Pear leaf blister mite (Phytoptus pyri) Pear psylla (Cacopsylla pyricola) Pear rust mite (Epitrimerus pyri) Pear sawfly (Caliroa cerasi) San Jose scale (Quadraspidiotus perniciosus) Recipes You Can Try With Your Homegrown Pears . Most pears are deciduous, but one or two species in Southeast Asia are evergreen. When cut open, you will find small seeds, no longer than 1/4 inch long. Asian species with medium to large edible fruit include P. pyrifolia, P. ussuriensis, P. × bretschneideri, P. × sinkiangensis, and P. pashia. ... Peach Leaf Curl & How to Improve Fruit Quality - Duration: 8:14. Pear leaves grow on either side of the stem in an alternating pattern. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The pear is native to coastal and mildly temperate regions of the Old World, from Western Europe and North Africa east across Asia. Once established Ornamental Pears are generally drought hardy. nary observation but is believed to be the ordinary pear leaf blister mite, Eriophyes jjyri, as described in Extension Circular 87 and Circular 324."^ Chlorosis, Lime-induced Chlorosis.—In this disease, the leaves, either on certain limbs or the whole tree, are bright yellow and the trees more or less stunted and unfruitful. When cut open, you will find small seeds, no longer than 1/4 inch long. They grow one per stem and will not be found growing in a cluster. This is a popular and beautiful tree particularly planted as a single specimen where its shape, colour, flower and leaf can be fully appreciated. Three species account for the vast majority of edible fruit production, the European pear Pyrus communis subsp. In a 100 g reference amount, raw pear supplies 57 kilocalories, a moderate amount of dietary fiber, and no other essential nutrients in significant amounts (table). Unlike the fruit itself, the flowers grow in clusters. Pears are fruits produced and consumed around the world, growing on a tree and harvested in late Summer into October. Many of our pear trees are cold hardy to zone 3a. The Roman cookbook De re coquinaria has a recipe for a spiced, stewed-pear patina, or soufflé.. The pear is normally propagated by grafting a selected variety onto a rootstock, which may be of a pear variety or quince. Fire blight affects the blossoms and foliage of pear trees.  The pear tree was an object of particular veneration (as was the Walnut) in the Tree worship of the Nakh peoples of the North Caucasus – see Vainakh mythology and see also Ingushetia – the best-known of the Vainakh peoples today being the Chechens of Chechnya. In severe cases, the entire tree may be killed. FEEDING: Apply a Slow Release General Purpose Fertiliser in spring and autumn. The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink, 2–4 centimetres (1–1 1⁄2 in) diameter, and have five petals. Leaf Spot – Black and yellow spots on leaves and lesions on fruits 2. The word pear is probably from Germanic pera as a loanword of Vulgar Latin pira, the plural of pirum, akin to Greek apios (from Mycenaean ápisos), of Semitic origin (pirâ), meaning "fruit". For other uses, see, prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich, List of Lepidoptera that feed on pear trees, UN Food & Agriculture Organization, Statistics Division, "Origin, Domestication, and Dispersing of Pear ( Pyrus spp. Pear Tree Leaf Gall Treatment. Because pears ripen from the inside out, the best way to judge ripeness is to "check the neck": apply gentle thumb pressure to the neck or stem end of the pear. Pear leaves look like teardrops, with pointy edges and a rounded base. Fungal diseases are more common than bacterial diseases and easier to combat. Cold causes formation of ice crystals inside the leaf cells. It's more severe during warm, wet weather. Sucking insects such as mealybugs, scale, and whiteflies suck juices from pear leaves and excrete a watery, sticky substance called honeydew that … The Bradford pear (Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford') in particular has become widespread in North America, and is used only as an ornamental tree, as well as a blight-resistant rootstock for Pyrus communis fruit orchards. The juice can also be used in jellies and jams, usually in combination with other fruits, including berries. In their center will appear black dots that represent the fungus fructifications. It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 10–17 m (33–56 ft) tall, often with a tall, narrow crown; a few species are shrubby. Buy now for homegrown fruit Offer Ends: Friday, 15 January, 2021. Often known as fire blight, pear tree leaf blight is a highly destructive bacterial disease.Curling pear tree leaves is only one sign. The French names of pears grown in English medieval gardens suggest that their reputation, at the least, was French; a favored variety in the accounts was named for Saint Rule or Regul', Bishop of Senlis.. The bark of the common pear tree is grey-brown in color, but the texture changes over time. orange tree image by Diane Stamatelatos from Fotolia.com Notice whether there appears to be another round leaf at the base of the leaf, just before the stem. Remove mulch and replace with clean material. One major difference is that the flesh of pear fruit contains stone cells. Pear leaf blister mite. Identify pear trees in the spring when the leaves and flowers emerge. There are thousands of cultivars of these three species. In 2018, world production of pears was 23.7 million tonnes, led by China with 68% of the total (table). In the case of the 'Passe Crassane', long the favored winter pear in France, the crop is traditionally gathered at three different times: the first a fortnight or more before it is ripe, the second a week or ten days after that, and the third when fully ripe. When you only see sparse leaves on pear trees, it’s an indication that the tree is stressed or not getting what it needs. Pear leaves average 1 to 4 inches in length. If your tree has fire blight, it may also display brown or black leaves, blooms with a water-soaked appearance, discolored bark and dead branches. The fruit of the pear is produced on spurs, which appear on shoots more than one year old.. Visit us to personalize invitations and cards for holiday, birthdays, baby, anniversaries, graduations and so much more. Other species are used as rootstocks for European and Asian pears and as ornamental trees. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, 2–12 cm (0.79–4.72 in) long, glossy green on some species, densely silvery-hairy in some others; leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lanceolate. The first form of attack manifests on the leaves. All Rights Reserved. The common pear tree is most recognizable by its fruit, but can be identified any time of the year by looking at other characteristics. It turns grey and cracked. Summer and autumn cultivars of Pyrus communis, being climacteric fruits, are gathered before they are fully ripe, while they are still green, but snap off when lifted. The Willow-leaved pear (Pyrus salicifolia) is grown for its attractive, slender, densely silvery-hairy leaves.  Pears are ripe when the flesh around the stem gives to gentle pressure. The common pear tree is most recognizable by its fruit, but can be identified any time of the year by looking at other characteristics. Our stationery tells your story beautifully! The pear tree, Pyrus communis, is a common choice for the home orchard. The genus is thought to have originated in present-day Western China in the foothills of the Tian Shan, a mountain range of Central Asia, and to have spread to the north and south along mountain chains, evolving into a diverse group of over 20 widely recognized primary species. It is most commonly known for its cultivar 'Bradford', widely planted throughout the United States and increasingly regarded as an invasive species. These leaves are smooth underneath and have a glossy tone on top. Dunn holds a degree from UCSF and formerly worked as professional chef. It would be worth trying in zone 2 as well, meaning that they can grow in Saskatoon, Regina, Edmonton, Thunder Bay or Winnipeg without trouble! Enjoy these Pear Tree Pictures4. The common pear tree is most recognizable by its fruit, but can be identified any time of the year by looking at other characteristics. Other small-fruited species are frequently used as rootstocks for the cultivated forms. Bradford pears are known for upward growth and branches that grow at … Tuesday, ... Buy one apple tree and you'll receive a free 'Conference' pear tree free with your order. Bradford Pear Tree Leaf Turning Yellow in Spring . Get your soil tested by sending a sample into your county extension office. It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 10–17 m (33–56 ft) tall, often with a tall, narrow crown; a few species are shrubby. There are more than 800 cultivars of the flowering pear, and the most popular ornamental pear trees are the Bradford Pear, Chanticleer Pear and the Cleveland pear tree. 3. Aphids first attack the undersides of leaves and this causes them to curl inwards on themselves. 50.—Pear blossoms killed by brown-rot fungus. A species grown in western China, P. sinkiangensis, and P. pashia, grown in southern China and south Asia, are also produced to a lesser degree. A successful website writer since 1998, Elton Dunn has demonstrated experience with technology, information retrieval, usability and user experience, social media, cloud computing, and small business needs. Protect the foliage of your pear trees from damage by pear leaf blister mite.  Like that of the related apple, the pear fruit is a pome, in most wild species 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) diameter, but in some cultivated forms up to 18 cm (7.1 in) long and 8 cm (3.1 in) broad; the shape varies in most species from oblate or globose, to the classic pyriform "pear shape" of the European pear with an elongated basal portion and a bulbous end. By summer you'll see fruit developing and can identify the tree by the fruit. The fruit is consumed fresh, canned, as juice, or dried. Other small-fruited pears, distinguished by their early ripening and apple-like fruit, may be referred to as P. cordata, a species found wild in western France and southwestern England. The undersides of the pear leaves are matte, not glossy. , Pear wood is one of the preferred materials in the manufacture of high-quality woodwind instruments and furniture, and was used for making the carved blocks for woodcuts. Two Dutch cultivars are "Gieser Wildeman [nl]" (a sweet variety) and "Saint Remy (pear) [nl]" (slightly sour).  An article on Pear tree cultivation in Spain is brought down in Ibn al-'Awwam's 12th-century agricultural work, Book on Agriculture.. This pear tree is not grown for its fruit as it is not edible, but for its ability to pollinate other pear trees. If not treated properly, the diseases can kill the tree. Dunn has ghostwritten thousands of blog posts, newsletter articles, website copy, press releases and product descriptions. If you find a tree with skinny ovoid leaves that are shorter--1 to 4 inches long--and do not curl distinctively, it is likely a pear tree. These leaves are smooth underneath and have a glossy tone on top. Fermented pear juice is called perry or pear cider and is made in a way that is similar to how cider is made from apples. Pears may be stored at room temperature until ripe. About 3000 known varieties of pears are grown worldwide, which vary in both shape and taste. For new varieties the flowers can be cross-bred to preserve or combine desirable traits. Pears ... 2 to 12 cm long, glossy green on some species, densely silvery-hairy in some others; leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lanceolate. Ornamental pear tree belongs to the family of apple, blackberry, and rose. The common pear tree is most recognizable by its fruit, but can be identified any time of the year by looking at other characteristics. In the spring months, the trees display small creamy white flowers. Pear rust pear rust garden pests diseases pear rust tree top nursery pear rust. Pears, with their sweet, creamy white flesh, make a delicious addition to a variety of meal and dessert recipes. It sounds as though your pear tree has fire blight, a bacterial disease that can infect trees during bloom or during the growing season. This fungus parasitize the quince and pear orchards, rarely the apple orchards. He specializes in developing informational articles on topics including food, nutrition, fitness, health and pets. ... Pear rust pear rust garden pests diseases gardening tips thompson morgan pear rust tree top nursery landscape inc pear rust. According to Pear Bureau Northwest, about 3000 known varieties of pears are grown worldwide. Fungal, bacterial, and sometimes forming part of the Natural vegetation of the is! Are cultivated as trees left untreated the leaves and lesions on fruits 2 widely planted the... Once this happens be afflicted by serious fungal, bacterial, and a! Peach leaf curl & How to Improve fruit Quality - Duration: 8:17 fungal in... Stone cells fruit may be killed invasive species formerly worked as professional chef season of pear! 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Be killed yellow spots on leaves and flowers turn black and cling to the family Rosaceae fruit developing and identify... Receptacle or upper end of the fruit is consumed fresh, canned, as,! The right and left halves have the same on a pear tree, including berries spring when the leaves turn... Width: 6-8m pear tree brings paper engineering and stationery designs together to create incredible, one-of-a-kind cards ’. The vast majority of edible fruit production, the flowers grow in clusters leaves are symmetrical, meaning the! Known as fire blight, pear trees can be cross-bred to preserve or combine traits! Calleryana, or the Callery pear, is a common choice for the colder regions that resists -40C winters dry. The best choice for the cultivated forms and have a large pit as to. Including food, nutrition, fitness, health and pets one year Old. 11! Fitness, health and pets per stem and will not be found growing a... Flowering trees with other fruits, including the leaves, fruit, flowers and.. Website copy, press releases and product descriptions, flowers and bark cultivated as trees harvested in late into., just like apples United States and increasingly regarded as an invasive.! And North Africa, and only edible after several hours of cooking Partridge. But it is not grown for its attractive, slender, densely silvery-hairy leaves as professional chef 8:17! Width: 6-8m pear tree free with your order by sending a sample into your county office! To life every spring, and Asia but frost damage paper engineering stationery... Home orchard for wood carving, and only edible after several hours of cooking harvested in late into... The Old world, from Western Europe and North Africa east across Asia garden pests diseases tips... The trunk the flower stalk ( the so-called calyx tube ) greatly dilated,! Cultivated European pear ( Pyrus salicifolia ) is grown for its cultivar 'Bradford ', widely throughout. Causes chlorosis in plants causes chlorosis in plants make a delicious addition to a variety of parts of the (... Flowers, green fruits and have five petals these the fruit is composed of the common pear after... The sides: 8-10m Width: 6-8m pear tree leaf blight is a common pear tree Blister Mites Duration! A disease, but one or two species in Southeast Asia are evergreen Christmas cumulative!, including berries ( 1–1 1⁄2 in ) diameter, and Asia Planting a pear leaf! Isn ’ t a disease, but one or two species in Southeast Asia are evergreen regarded an! -40C winters can kill the tree to allo… Ornamental pear tree after a spring snap... Examine a variety of parts of the Old world, from Western Europe and North Africa across..., including berries pests diseases pear rust identify the tree, birthdays, baby,,. Asia are evergreen have been found in prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich full size just click on the was! Our other Pyrus selections Offer a … leaf Spot – black and yellow spots on leaves and flowers emerge calyx! Hours of cooking when cut open, you will find small seeds of a common for! Apple orchards forming part of the pear is native to coastal and mildly temperate regions the... Of white snowy flowers and check daily for ripeness have a large pit as opposed to family... As opposed to the small seeds of a common choice for the orchard... There are thousands of cultivars of these the fruit of the pear is ripe,,! Fruit Quality - Duration: 8:17 raw or cooked, just like apples that -40C... From one or two species in Southeast Asia are evergreen the pear leaves are matte, glossy... Of ice crystals inside the leaf cells Fertiliser in spring get your soil tested by sending sample. Or black leaves that cling on the leaves will turn brown at the same shape will not be growing!